Who is competent to hold departmental inquiry?
The person to be appointed as IO must be independent and unbiased so that the employee proceeded against may have confidence in him. This is based on two time-hounoured principles of public policy, namely, (i) that no man should be a judge in his own case, and (ii) that justice should not be done but manifestly and undoubtedly seem to be done. In other words, if a person is acting judicially, he should be free from bias, financial or otherwise either in favour or against a party to a dispute. He should not bring himself to a position where bias can be reasonably inferred to exist.
With best wishes,
Keshav Ram Singhal
IO = Inquiry Officer / Enquiry Officer / Inquiring Authority
PO = Presenting Officer
DR = Defence Representative
CE = Charged Employee / Charged Officer
DA = Disciplinary Authority
AA = Appellate Authority